What is Put and Call Options in the Share Market: A Beginner’s Guide

Understanding What is Put and Call Options in the Share Market is crucial for any beginner because it provides flexible strategies for profiting from rising and falling stock prices.

Options trading is a fascinating aspect of the stock market that allows investors to make strategic moves beyond simply buying and selling company shares. In simple terms, options are contracts that give you the right, but not the obligation, to buy (call) or sell (put) a specific stock at a predetermined price within a certain time frame.

This blog’s primary objective is to provide a beginner’s guide of put and call options in the share market, simplifying these ideas and assisting you in understanding their importance in stock market trading. So, if you’ve ever wondered, ” what is call and put in the share market?” – you’re in the right place to find out.

What are Call options in the stock market?

Call options in the stock market provide investors the right, but not the responsibility, to purchase a specific stock or asset at a fixed price, known as the striking price, before a specific date, known as the expiration date. 

A call option is similar to making a reservation to purchase a stock at a set price in the future. It’s similar to stating, “I want the option to buy this stock at this price, but I don’t have to if I don’t want to.”

Benefits Of Call Options In Share Market

  1. Speculation: Call options allow investors to speculate on rising stock values without purchasing actual shares. This enables potential rewards while just risking the option premium.
  2. Limited Risk: Investors know their maximum potential loss from the start because they are not compelled to purchase the stock if its price does not rise as projected. The risk is limited to the amount of the premium paid.
  3. Hedging: Call options can protect against future losses in a stock portfolio. If the portfolio’s value falls, the gains from the call options can compensate.
  4. Leverage: Call options provide leverage, allowing investors to control a larger position with a smaller investment, amplifying potential gains.
  5. Diversification: They offer a way to diversify investment strategies by adding flexibility and reducing overall risk exposure.

How do call options give investors the right to buy?

Call options or call ratios allow investors the unique ability to purchase a certain stock at a predetermined price, known as the strike price, before a specific date. Consider it similar to making a store reservation for a fun toy. You pay a small amount (the premium) for the reservation, and if the toy becomes extremely popular and pricey before your reservation expires, you can buy it at the price you reserved it for. 

But here’s the key: you don’t have to buy it if you don’t want to. It’s like having the option to buy something at a good price in the future, but you’re not forced to do it. That’s how call options work in the stock market.

Is Call Options in the stock market are Considered Risky

  1. Limited Lifespan: Call options have expiration dates. The option becomes worthless if the stock doesn’t reach the expected price by that date.
  2. Premium Loss: Investors risk losing the premium paid for the call option if the stock price doesn’t rise as anticipated.
  3. Market Volatility: Sudden price swings can be unpredictable and may lead to losses, especially if the market moves in the opposite direction.
  4. Timing: Accurate timing is crucial. If the stock price doesn’t rise before the option expires, investors may not profit.
  5. Overtrading: Trading too many call options can lead to high costs and increased risks. 

Put Options in Share Market

Put means in share market that gives investors the right, but not the responsibility, to sell a specific stock at a predetermined price, known as the striking price, before a specified expiration date. 

Consider it like purchasing stock insurance. If you own a put option and the stock price falls below the strike price, you can sell the stock at the higher strike price, thus reducing your losses. 

Put options are useful for shielding investments against falling market values. Similar to call options, investors pay a premium for this right. 

How Do Put Options Work?

Put in the stock market enables investors to sell a certain stock at a fixed price (the strike price) before the expiration date. Here’s how they work:

  1. Purchase: An investor buys a put option for a premium. This premium gives them the right to sell the stock later.
  2. Stock Price Drop: The investor can exercise the put option if the stock’s price falls below the strike price before the option expires.
  3. Profit: The investor can profit from the price decline by selling the stock at a higher strike price, even though the market value is lower.

Put options can be advantageous when stock prices fall, shielding investors from potential losses. They function as financial protection against declining market values and are an important tool in risk management in the stock market.

Benefits of Put Options

  1. Protection: Put options to safeguard against declining stock prices. Investors can use them to sell their shares at a predetermined higher price, minimizing potential losses.
  2. Risk Management: They help manage portfolio risk by providing a hedge. If the market turns bearish, the gains from put options can offset losses in other investments.
  3. Speculation: Traders can also use put options to bet on falling stock prices. They can profit by buying put options if they anticipate a stock’s value dropping.
  4. Diversification: Put options add flexibility to an investment strategy, allowing investors to diversify and balance their portfolios.
  5. Limited Cost: The premium paid for put options is the maximum potential loss, offering defined risk.

Risk in Put Options in the Stock Market

  – Limited Timeframe: Put options have expiration dates; if the stock doesn’t move as expected before the expiration, the option can become worthless.

  – Potential Losses: You can lose the entire premium paid for the put option if the stock price doesn’t drop below the strike price.

  – Timing Challenges: Accurately predicting when a stock will decline can be difficult, and mistimed put options can lead to losses.

  – Volatility: High volatility can increase option prices, making it costly to buy options for downside protection.

Differences Between what is Put and Call Options in the Share Market

Title Call Options Put Options
Direction of BetUsed when you expect a stock’s price to rise, giving you the right to buy at a set price.
Employed when you anticipate a stock’s price will fall, allowing you to sell at a predetermined price.
Profit ScenarioProfit when stock prices go up, but you lose the premium if the stock doesn’t rise.
Profit when stock prices go down, with losses limited to the premium paid.
When to UseUse call options when you are bullish on a stock, expecting its price to rise.Use put options when you are bearish on a stock, expecting its price to fall.


Understanding what put and call options in the share market can be a powerful asset in your trading journey. These options offer flexibility, speculation opportunities, and risk management benefits. We hope you have learned important tips from the above blog.

It’s important to remember that both come with risks, including the possibility of losing the premium you pay for the option. So, if you’re new to this, proceed with much more information. Before diving into put and call options, seek further education and consider taking regular updates from Upmarket Academy.


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